Indo-China Border Tensions Threaten BYD’s Indian EV Ambitions

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The Indo-China border tensions have reverberated beyond political realms, profoundly impacting business relations between the two neighboring countries. The effects of these conflicts are explored in this article on China’s largest electric vehicle (EV) maker, BYD (Build Your Dreams), particularly its ambitious investment plan in India. We will delve into the challenges and controversies that BYD has faced in recent times, including scrutiny from the Indian government, tax-related accusations, and the broader context of China-India trade dynamics. Let’s embark on this journey to understand the complexities surrounding BYD’s Indian electric vehicle ventures.

BYD’s Ambitious Investment Plan in India

BYD, a prominent player in the global EV market, set its sights on India’s growing EV landscape. The company proposed a substantial $1 billion investment to establish a state-of-the-art electric vehicle manufacturing facility in India. Such an investment would have bolstered India’s EV industry and strengthened BYD’s position in the Indian market. One of their flagship offerings, the Atto 3 electric SUV, showed promise, and the first batch was already delivered earlier this year.

Scrutiny and Rejection by the Indian Government

However, BYD’s ambitious plan was met with scrutiny and faced rejection from the Indian government. Amid rising security concerns, the government carefully evaluated the proposal, resulting in its rejection. This move came as a setback for BYD’s aspirations in India and underscored the complexities of doing business between the two countries during times of geopolitical tensions.

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Tax Controversy

As if the rejection of their investment plan wasn’t enough, BYD found itself embroiled in a tax controversy. The Directorate of Revenue Intelligence (DRI) alleged that the company had underpaid taxes worth a staggering $9 million on the imported parts used in the assembly of their cars in India. While BYD promptly deposited the amount based on the DRI’s preliminary findings, the investigation is still ongoing, and further tax charges and penalties might be imposed. The DRI has granted BYD an opportunity to challenge the findings before any final notice is issued.

BYD’s Expansion in India Amid Trade Downfall

The trade between India and China witnessed a significant decline in the aftermath of the border tensions. China, being India’s largest trading partner, experienced a slump in imports and exports from India. In this context, BYD’s investment plans and business ventures in India were inevitably affected. The need to scrutinize Chinese investments in India for security reasons has led to a cautious approach from the Indian government, affecting companies like BYD.

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Chinese Investments in India under the Microscope

The Indian government’s altered foreign direct investment policy brought in stringent regulations for companies from neighboring countries, necessitating approval from Indian authorities before investing in Indian firms. Though the policy didn’t explicitly mention China, its impact on Chinese companies’ investment plans became evident following the Covid-19 pandemic. The rejection of BYD’s proposal and the subsequent tax investigation are manifestations of this cautious approach.

Uncertain Future

Amidst the challenges and controversies, BYD remains determined to establish a strong foothold in the Indian EV market. The company aims to capture a substantial 10-15 percent share of the Indian EV market by 2030. While the path ahead may seem uncertain, BYD’s commitment to innovation and sustainability drives them forward. Their ongoing collaboration with Megha Engineering and Infrastructures Ltd. and the development of electric buses in India showcase their continued efforts to expand their presence.


The Indo-China border tensions have indeed left a significant impact on business relations between the two countries. BYD’s ambitious investment plans in India faced rejection, and the company found itself under the DRI’s investigation for alleged tax evasion. The broader implications of China-India trade dynamics have also influenced the Indian government’s approach to foreign investments, leading to increased scrutiny. As BYD navigates these challenges, their commitment to the Indian EV market remains resolute. The future unfolds with uncertainty, but BYD’s dream of contributing significantly to India’s sustainable mobility journey persists, exemplifying the indomitable spirit of collaboration and growth even amid geopolitical complexities.

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